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Transverse themes

Objectives of STMR

The transversal research activities "Science and Technologies for Risk Management" (STMR) concern research in the field of risk within the ICD since 2014. They aim to develop and implement methods, tools and advanced devices to improve the risk management of technological and socio-technical systems. They are based on the multidisciplinary skills of the various disciplinary teams of the ICD linking several areas of engineering sciences and the humanities and social sciences.

The synergy of these skills places this activity in a unique research perspective in France. It allows studying problems of risks and threats in the context of important societal issues often inaccessible by purely disciplinary skills. The objective is to develop transversal research fields in common and recognized themes and common study objects, such as:
  • risk analysis and vulnerabilities of complex systems and networks (in terms of physical, communication, social systems) for the anticipation, evaluation and improvement of performances with risks in design (such as safety in design, but also eco-design for example),
  • e-health (monitoring and alert on health status of vulnerable people at home),
  • the monitoring of large technological systems (intelligent sensor networks, for example),
  • or decision support in crisis situations (organization, disaster logistics, for example) taking into account the resilience of these systems.

Scientific and Technological Programs (PST)

In order to respond coherently to socio-economic issues, the STMR researches are focused in areas called "Scientific and Technological Programs" (PST). These are intended to organize researches around major societal issues and to emerge new scientific issues. They are based on major scientific and technological orientations through projects (CPER, ANR, H2020, etc.), and on long-term partnerships whether they are institutional or with socio-economic actors, in particular via the Institute in Global Security and Anticipation, but also local platforms. The five current STP are:

1. Resilience and Crisis Management (RGC)
It deals with the anticipation, treatment and recovery of infrastructure and network activities in context of major or catastrophic events. It concerns the scale of main infrastructures or of a region with significant socio-economic consequences, the design of crisis-resilient networks (physical, informational), logistics coordination and planning in crisis situations, and post-crisis learning to improve the robustness of the coordination processes and the reorganization of these networks.

2. Monitoring and dependability of Large Systems (2SGS)
Monitoring and dependability of large systems (large number of components, components distributed over large territories, complex components ...) to detect or anticipate the effects of aging or long-term changes. Typical interest is in sensor arrays from the design of sensors with specific features to the processing of large, uncertain and / or unreliable data and the associated diagnostics.

3. Cybersecurity (CS)
Risk analysis and cyber-malware detection across distributed systems, detection of illicit activities from data flow analysis, social web activities or peer-to-peer networks. It also concerns the study of image falsifications, hidden images and authentication of photographs.

4. E-Health (ES)
Information and communication science methodologies and technologies are exploited to design socio-technical systems to monitor health status of home-based people, particularly for supporting frailty of elderly people or tracking multi-pathologies. The developed approach involves different skills and questions, around (1) user-centered design and acceptability, (2) anticipation, prevention, detection and tracking of health status, (3) home care and coordination, as well as (4) care institutions and the development of new care relationships through telemedicine. These physical and social components are complemented by the use of artificial intelligence and a necessary analysis of the organization of the health network.

5. Eco-Design (EC)
Development of methods and engineering tools to develop sustainable products or systems by taking into account all the resources available at the local level based on a territorial dynamic, but also, to environmental technologies and eco-innovations by researching less impacting materials (nanomaterials, agro-materials, etc.) or by the economy of functionality. In the IRT M2P context, the works related to the end-of-life of materials are also part of this type of approach.